History of Cyprus architecture. From antiquity to present days. Part 1
History of Cyprus architecture.
Cyprus has one of the most ancient and exciting histories. The rich history of Cyprus architecture, of course, is reflected in its building traditions. The architecture of Cyprus began to develop in the bronze and iron ages. Therefore it finds traces of influence of the Greeks, Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Romans. Here you can find both Christian churches, and Muslim mosques, and Gothic castles.
Certain types of structures, which are determined by the materials and technologies used, are inherent in each historical period. Therefore, each epoch is characterized by its own style, which in addition to materials and technologies was strongly influenced by constantly changing concepts of beauty and expediency.
The Age of Antiquity.
In the era of antiquity (VIII century BC – VI century AD), the Greeks and Romans, who ruled Cyprus, created numerous structures. Of course, archaeologists and historians could not ignore the history of Cyprus architecture. Thanks to many years of archaeological research, the ancient cities of Curium, Amathus, Kition, Salamis and ancient Paphos were discovered. We had an opportunity to see the remains of their magnificent temples, amphitheaters, stadiums, basils and terms.
In the earliest eras buildings were erected from materials available at that time. For example: untreated stone and sea pebbles of various types, with or without a binder solution.
Period of British influence
In high interest is the modern history of Cyprus architecture, which is divided into the period before and after colonization. The colonial period began with the arrival of the British on the island. The rule of the British had a great influence on the architecture of Cyprus. The history began in 1878, after the expulsion of the Turks. During their governing, the British initiated the urbanization of Cyprus and the creation of urban infrastructure. Therefor this found significant reflection in the architecture of both cultural and administrative public buildings and private residences. Besides that, british people were great admirers of the ancient Greek classics. According to their numerous projects, they built many buildings in the style of neoclassicism.
The influence of the British is embodied in the archaeological museum in Nicosia. Briton George Jeffrey fouded the archaeological museum and united all the expositions of the museum around the central square. In addition to the history of the times of British rule, here you can find the remains of ancient civilizations and ancient sculptures.